How many electoral college votes must a candidate win to become US President?

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Donald Trump and Joe Biden only have one day left to convince American voters to support them as the US election 2020 takes place on Tuesday, November 3. In the US, the electoral college is required by the US Constitution to form every for years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the US. In 2016, Mr Trump was elected after he received the most votes from the electors, but lost the so-called popular vote by 2.9 million votes to challenger Hillary Clinton.

How many electoral college votes must a candidate win to become US President?

The presidential election in the US is not determined by the popular vote, but instead, the candidate is elected by members of the electoral college.

There are 538 members of the US electoral college in total.

Each elector represent one electoral vote, so to win, a US presidential candidate needs 270 or more to win the election.

The college is established in Article II, Section 1 of the US Constitution and overlooked by the Twelfth Amendment.

All 50 states and the District of Columbia use one of two methods for awarding their electoral votes.

In 48 states (and the District of Columbia), they use the winner-takes-all system, meaning that although one party only wins 50.1 percent of the vote, they get all votes from the state.

In short, if a majority of voters in a state vote for the Republican candidate, the Republican slate of electors is elected.

In Maine and Nebraska, one electoral vote is awarded to the candidate who wins the popular vote in each congressional district.

The remaining two electoral votes are awarded to the presidential candidates receiving the most votes statewide.

In the event that no candidate for one or both of these offices wins an absolute majority of votes in the electoral college, a contingent election will be the next procedure.

A continent election is decided by a vote of the US House of Representatives, while a contingent election for the vice president is decided by a vote of the US Senate.

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The number of electors from each state is roughly in line with the size of it population.

California is the most populated state and there has the most electors, 55, while Texas is the second biggest with 38 electors.

In smaller states, such as Alaska and Wyoming, they have a minimum of three.

The electoral college system means the US president is not directly elected by citizens by popular vote.

In 2016, Hillary Clinton won the popular vote but still lost the electoral college.

The presidential elections of 1876, 1888 and 2000 also represent elections where an electoral college winner did not receive the most votes in the election.

Parties and states have different ways of electing members to the electoral college, but a party’s presidential electors are generally trusted party members.

This is to ensure they will vote for the party if elected by American voters.

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